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Breakbulk April 2019

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April 2019 | The Journal of Commerce 7 www.joc.com Cover Story Breakbulk & Project Cargo the cargo, and schedule," said Dennis Devlin, director, USA and Houston branch for industrial projects with global for- warder Geodis. Roll-on, roll-off (ro-ro) services are tightly scheduled, cargo is always stowed under deck and there's rarely lifting involved (pure car and truck ro-ro carriers such as Wallenius Wilhelmsen's ships are not geared, but some ro-ro vessels, such as Bahri's, are). It can be costly, however, and in the main the carriers do not vary their port calls, he said. Ramp strength and loading door size also restrict the size and weight of cargo that can be loaded on ro-ro ships. Room for innovation Because ro-ro and container carriers offer fixed sched- ules, shippers can elect to ship their cargo sequentially, avoiding having to marshal all or a significant portion of the materials for a given shipment or project at once, as they would for a chartered or part-charter tramp vessel. Depending on the project, this may offer an advantage. Additionally, on a ro-ro ship, cargo is always stowed under deck and requires less packaging and handling. "We are the space in between containers and lo-lo (lift-on, lift-off, or geared MPV/HL)," said Stefan Kjellstrom, vice president breakbulk and pricing, Wallenius Wilhelmsen Ocean. "We see ourselves as competitive, and we believe there is great po- tential for growth as more and more shippers discover ro-ro." Wallenius Wilhelmsen Ocean might handle a single piece of breakbulk cargo, multiple pieces, or pieces and materials for large, multimillion-dollar projects over sev- eral voyages, Kjellstrom said. An example is train sets for a municipal subway or a railway system, a project that could move in stages for several years. The ro-ro carrier's fixed schedule, port rotation, and global network are assets in such cases, he said. It depends on the project, but "if we go after it, then we feel we are a good option." "Costing is the most interesting part when it comes to moving breakbulk cargo," said Kjellstrom, who works with forwarders, project owners, and manufacturers. "Other cargoes are more commoditized." Pricing depends on many elements: trade lane; weight and volume; cargo type; and any special equipment need - ed, such as mafis or jackup trailers. Sur- charges for bunkers, port costs, etc., must also be factored in. "Normally, container rates look lower on paper, but you have to look at the whole cost, not just the ocean rate. It can be complex. Is the cargo outside (on deck) and exposed? Does it have to be disman- tled and reassem- bled? Does it have Stefan Kjellstrom Vice President Breakbulk and Pricing, Wallenius Wilhelmsen Ocean Wind turbines bound for a development in New South Wales were discharged at Port Adelaide from the AAL Newcastle last year. Forty-five blades, each 63 meters (207 feet) in length, and related turbine components were delivered on each of three sailings. AAL

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