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January 6 2020

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48 The Journal of Commerce | Januar y 6 2020 www.joc.com Maritime 2020 ANNUAL REVIEW & OUTLOOK utilization rate before service begins to deteriorate, according to terminal planners. Prince Rupert, which in 2018 added a second berth at its Fairview Container Terminal to increase annual capacity to 1.35 million TEU, is now expanding the container yard to increase capacity to 1.6 million TEU, said Brian Friesen, vice president of trade development and communications. When the project is completed in 2021, a second-phase expansion involving relocation of maintenance facilities will bring Prince Rupert's capacity up to 1.8 million TEU by mid-2022, he said. In Vancouver, a Centerm con- tainer terminal expansion scheduled for completion in 2022 will increase capacity to 1.5 million TEU from 900,000 TEU at present. The in- creased capacity will represent three years of volume growth on Canada's West Coast, Stewart said. Vancou- ver's Vanterm container terminal is likewise involved in an expansion project that will add 200,000 TEU of capacity, he said. The ports are also improving road and rail access, which is expected to produce a residual benefit of increasing overall capacity and accel- erating cargo velocity, Stewart said. Vancouver is adding two additional tracks at the Roberts Bank rail yard, a truck staging area at the Deltaport terminal, and rail capacity upgrades at its grain terminals. Prince Rupert is building a new entry bridge for Canadian National Railway's main line to increase the capacity from single track to a triple track. East Coast competition Across the country, the Port of Montreal is moving to expand capac- ity to keep up with growing cargo volumes, which grew 4.8 percent to 1.46 million TEU in the first ten months of 2019, compared to the same period in 2018, figures from the port show. Montreal in 2020 expects to start a $55 million project to add 3.7 miles of track to the internal rail service that links the port's five terminals with an interchange area served by Canadian National Railway and Canadian Pacific Railway. Port officials say the project will enable the port to assemble longer trains and will help reduce dwell times. Construction on the port's fifth container terminal, a C$750 million ($570 million) project known as the Contrecoeur terminal, is also expect- ed to begin in 2020. The port is wait- ing to hear from the two terminal operators — Termont Montréal, Inc., and Montreal Gateway Terminals Partnership (MGTP), each of which operates two of the port's four main terminals — about whether they will form a joint venture on the project or submit separate bids. Halifax also is preparing for a significant long-term increase in cargo volumes, despite a 0.1 percent year-over-year decline to 416,877 TEU in the first nine months of 2019, according to figures from the Halifax Port Authority. That compared to a year-over-year drop of about 0.3 percent in the first nine months of 2018, the figures show. The Halifax Port Authority said it considers the berth extension only a temporary solution to expect- ed cargo growth. In addition, the port is studying two longer-term expansion options: the creation of a second permanent berth at the PSA terminal with increased container storage space, as well as a potential new container terminal across the harbor from existing port facilities in Dartmouth. JOC email: bill.mongelluzzo@ihsmarkit.com twitter: @billmongelluzzo email: Hugh.Morley@ihsmarkit.com twitter: @HughRMorley1 NORTH AMERICAN PORTS have become convinced that in order to retain and grow market share, they must test, facilitate, and in some cases help to fund the use of technology that will increase cargo velocity through their gateways. Landlord ports such as New York and New Jersey, Los Angeles, Long Beach, Oakland, the Northwest Sea- port Alliance, and Vancouver, B.C., do not operate marine terminals, but they are the neutral brokers that bring together stakeholders such as ocean carriers, shippers, terminal operators, truckers, railroads, and equipment providers to share data and move containers efficiently through the terminals. In many cases, they're making that happen via the sharing of data through port information portals. Although each sector of the supply chain captures data for its own purposes, sharing the infor- mation with other stakeholders through a single window is seen as the most effective way to improve port efficiency. This is especially true in Los Angeles–Long Beach, which last Keeping current Ports use information portals to propel data sharing By Bill Mongelluzzo Although Vancouver and Prince Rupert are independent ports 500 miles apart, they are synchronizing their development plans.

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