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Feb. 2014

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28 THE JOURNAL OF COMMERCE FEBRUARY 2014 BRIEFS COOL CARGOES CARB APPROVES REEFER UNIT RETROFITS The California Air Resources Board has approved a new emissions system for reefer units that can be used to retrofit existing noncompliant units, verifying Carrier Transicold's Engine Emissions System as a Level 3 Plus diesel emissions control strategy. The system can be retrofitted on a number of reefer units and generator sets. To meet California Environmental Protec- tion Agency standards, the retrofits can be placed only on units with 3,000 hours of operation or less at the time of instal- lation. A list of compatible units is on the agency's website, CARB says the system uses an automatic filter regeneration system that oxidizes die- sel soot to control engine back pressure. Agency officials also pointed to a looming reporting deadline for owners and operators of facilities that have non- residential refrigeration systems. The deadline is for facilities with refrigeration systems using high global warming potential refrigerants that have a full charge of 200 pounds to 2,000 pounds. These are designated as medium-sized systems under a California state regula- tion to minimize leaks of environmentally harmful refrigerants. Companies must register their refrig- eration system with CARB by March 1 if the single largest system at an individual facility has a full charge of 200 pounds or more of chlorofluorocarbons, hydrochlo- rofluorocarbons or hydrofluorocarbons. Businesses that commonly have refrig- eration systems with high global warming potential refrigerant include cold storage warehouses, supermarkets and grocery stores, food and beverage processors and industrial process cooling. SUPREME COURT NIXES MEXICAN TRUCK CHALLENGE The U.S. Supreme Court has refused to hear an appeal by the Owner-Operator Inde- pendent Drivers Association to overturn the Department of Transportation's Mexican truck pilot program. The action likely ends a long-term legal battle over the program. The pilot program, designed to dem- onstrate whether Mexican-domiciled carriers can operate safely in the U.S., was previously upheld by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia. OOIDA contended the Mexican drivers and vehicles in the program did not meet the same standards required of those in the U.S. According to Earl Eisenhart of the InsideFCSMA newsletter, only 15 Mexi- can carriers have been approved for the pilot, far less than the Federal Motor Car- rier Safety Administration says it needs to yield good safety data. When the program was initiated in October 2011, the agency estimated it would need at least 46 carri- ers to yield a solid analysis. The program has been the subject of considerable controversy. The North American Free Trade Agreement requires the U.S. to allow cross-border trucking beyond established border areas, but opposition by unions and safety groups has generally kept Mexican trucks out since the act took effect in 1994. The Bush administration in 2007 initi- ated a pilot project that admitted a limited number of Mexico-domiciled trucking com- panies into the U.S. interior. There wasn't a single crash involving a Mexican truck par- ticipating in the pilot. Moreover, violation rates for the Mexican trucks and drivers were less than those based in the U.S. None- theless, Congress defunded the program in 2009. That action resulted in vigorous protests from the Mexican government cul- minating in its imposition of punitive tariffs on agricultural and manufactured imports from the U.S., tariffs that were sanctioned under a NAFTA arbitration that found the U.S. in violation of the treaty. Despite lobbying efforts by opponents and imposition of congressional restric- tions, President Obama and his Mexican counterpart Felipe Calderon reached agreement on a new pilot program in July 2011. It took effect in October 2011. Calderon left office in November 2012 when his six-year term ended. The Mexican government has threat- ened to re-impose retaliatory tariffs if Mexican trucks aren't allowed to operate in the U.S. interior as provided by NAFTA. MCDONALD'S CREATES PORK NUGGETS FOR CHINA Fa st food g ia nt McDon a ld's h a s combined one of its U.S. favorites with the meat favored in China to create Spicy Pork McBites. The pork version is battered and fried similar to Chicken McNuggets, but the coating was given "a mildly spicy bite" to appeal to Chinese palates. A small order of 18 McBites costs 9.50 yuan ($1.56), and they are served in con- tainers similar to those used for Chinese takeout in the United States. McDonald's suffered a major loss of business last spring when Chinese consumers avoided eating poultry because of avian flu in the domestic chicken market. INDIA'S COLD CHAIN TO DOUBLE BY 2017 India's integrated cold chain indus- try, a combination of surface storage and refrigerated transportation, has grown 18 percent a year over the last three years, according to a new report by research company ValueNotes. The industr y, currently valued at 245 billion r upees ($3.9 billion), is expected to reach 520 billion rupees TonyV3112 /

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