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Mar.7, 2016

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Page 104 of 119 THE JOURNAL OF COMMERCE 101 are notified that the containers are available for pickup. When the truckers arrive at the terminal, they are directed to the peel-off pile and they are immediately given a container without regard to destination. The containers are drayed to a near-dock yard for pickup and delivery to the destination. John Cushing, president of PierPass Inc., which manages the extended gates program in Los Angeles-Long Beach on behalf of the ter- minal operators, said the past year's experience with free-flow has helped the participants to improve the program so that the critical mass needed to trigger a free-flow operation has been reduced to about 50 containers, down from 72 to 80 when the program began. "Most of the terminals are doing peel-off now," he said. The average visit time at West Basin in January was 75 minutes. He noted that PierPass's January numbers for in-terminal visit times at the 13 container facilities show trucks spent an average of 45.5 minutes from gate-in to gate-out during the day shifts and 49 minutes during the night shifts. That was the best day- shift performance since last April, Cushing said. The ports and terminal operators want to expand participation in free-flow, but to do so they must locate additional properties for near- dock dray-off yards. Vacant land isn't easy to find in a harbor that last year handled more than 15 million 20-foot container units, but the ports are cobbling together available parcels. DiBernardo said Los Angeles is engaged in an environmental impact study on the site of a former coal-transfer facility that it hopes to turn into a peel-off yard.

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