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Mar.7, 2016

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www.joc.com THE JOURNAL OF COMMERCE 101 are notified that the containers are available for pickup. When the truckers arrive at the terminal, they are directed to the peel-off pile and they are immediately given a container without regard to destination. The containers are drayed to a near-dock yard for pickup and delivery to the destination. John Cushing, president of PierPass Inc., which manages the extended gates program in Los Angeles-Long Beach on behalf of the ter- minal operators, said the past year's experience with free-flow has helped the participants to improve the program so that the critical mass needed to trigger a free-flow operation has been reduced to about 50 containers, down from 72 to 80 when the program began. "Most of the terminals are doing peel-off now," he said. The average visit time at West Basin in January was 75 minutes. He noted that PierPass's January numbers for in-terminal visit times at the 13 container facilities show trucks spent an average of 45.5 minutes from gate-in to gate-out during the day shifts and 49 minutes during the night shifts. That was the best day- shift performance since last April, Cushing said. The ports and terminal operators want to expand participation in free-flow, but to do so they must locate additional properties for near- dock dray-off yards. Vacant land isn't easy to find in a harbor that last year handled more than 15 million 20-foot container units, but the ports are cobbling together available parcels. DiBernardo said Los Angeles is engaged in an environmental impact study on the site of a former coal-transfer facility that it hopes to turn into a peel-off yard.

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