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108 THE JOURNAL OF COMMERCE www.joc.com JOC By the Numbers Data selected and prepared by Journal of Commerce Research Editor Marsha Salisbury. She can be contacted at 973-776-7828, marsha.salisbury@ihs.com. MARCH 7.2016 In the fourth consecutive month of index decline, the January 2016 Cass expenditures 2.301 index was 0.044 point or 1.9 percent below December results, while 0.032 point or 1.4 percent below January 2015 results. The January 2016 spend was 0.298 points or 11.5 percent below the 2015 high in June. The January 2016 Cass shipments index was 1.025, 0.013 point or 1.3 percent below December, while 0.002 point or 0.2 percent below January 2015. January 2016 shipments were 0.135 points or 11.6 percent below the 2015 high in June. CASS FREIGHT INDICES Cass index data is derived from actual freight invoices paid on behalf of its clients' domestic freight shipments, which annually totals over US$26 billion in account payables and includes a wide diversity of shippers, commodities and company size. The Cass index data does not contain a truly representative picture of small package shipments. Volumes represent the month in which transactions are processed by Cass, not necessarily the month when the corresponding shipments took place. • Source: Cass Information Systems • www.cassinfo.com/Transportation-Expense-Management/Supply-Chain-Analysis/Transportation-Indexes Freight Expenditures Index Freight Shipment Index ■ Jan. 1990=100 ● Year-over-year percent change ● Month-to-month percent change ■ Jan. 1990=100 ● Year-over-year percent change ● Month-to-month percent change 1.75 2.00 2.25 2.50 2.75 -15% 0% 15% 30% 45% JANUARY 2016 JANUARY 2012 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 -10% -5% 0% 5% 10% 15% JANUARY 2016 JANUARY 2012 n Cargo value, in billions of U.S. dollars. Agricultural Commodities* The $20.7 billion December 2015 U.S. agricultural trade sequentially declined 3.2 percent — exports plunged 9.8 percent while imports increased 6.1 percent. December 2015 U.S. agricultural trade tumbled 11.8 percent year-over-year; although imports slipped 0.8 percent growth, exports plunged 19.3 percent. The U.S. agricultural trade in calendar 2015 totaled $246.7 billion, 5.8 percent below calendar 2014. Despite 1.6 percent growth in imports, exports plunged 11.3 percent. $6 $8 $10 $12 $14 $16 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2015 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2014 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2013 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2012 $50 $75 $100 $125 $150 $175 $200 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2015 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2014 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2013 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2012 ■ U.S. Exports ■ U.S. Imports ■ U.S. Exports ■ U.S. Imports Manufactured Goods* The December 2015 $243.2 billion U.S. manufactured goods trade sequentially dipped 1.6 percent. Year-over-year, the U.S. manufactured goods December trade tumbled 6.4 percent, led by a 10.5 percent plunge in exports yet softened by an 3.8 percent drop in imports. In calendar 2015, the U.S. manufactured goods trade declined 2 percent year-over-year nearing $3.1 trillion. Despite a 0.9 percent gain in imports, exports tumbled 6.7 percent. AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES & MANUFACTURED GOODS IN U.S. TRADE U.S. FOREIGN TRADE WITH GLOBAL REGIONS n In goods, in billions of U.S. dollars, via all modes of transportation to and from the U.S.* Overall U.S. trade in December 2015 tumbled $29.1 billion or 8.9 percent year-over-year to $299.7 billion. Regionally, U.S. trade with Europe declined 1.9 percent, the Pacific Rim dropped 6.9 percent, NAFTA lost 9.7 percent, South/Central America tumbled 23.6 percent, and Africa plunged 33.2 percent below December 2014. In calendar 2015, overall U.S. trade fell $222.2 billion or 5.6 percent year-over-year to $3.7 trillion with U.S. trade with the Pacific Rim slipping 0.2 percent. U.S. trade with Europe declined 1.6 percent, NAFTA fell 9 percent, South/Central America tumbled 19.6 percent, and Africa plunged 28.1 percent year-over-year. January-December December 2014 2015 % CHANGE 2014 2015 % CHANGE EXPORTS TOTAL MANUFACTURED GOODS AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES NAFTA EUROPE PACIFIC RIM SOUTH/CENTRAL AMERICA AFRICA $1,620.5 $1,504.9 -7.1% $133.7 $119.9 -10.3% $1,192.5 $1,112.3 -6.7% $97.2 $87.0 -10.5% $150.0 $132.9 -11.3% $13.9 $11.2 -19.3% $552.6 $516.7 -6.5% $43.5 $39.9 -8.1% $333.2 $320.5 -3.8% $26.4 $25.8 -2.4% $394.5 $370.7 -6.0% $34.9 $30.6 -12.3% $184.0 $153.3 -16.7% $14.7 $11.6 -20.9% $38.0 $26.8 -29.4% $2.8 $1.8 -33.1% IMPORTS TOTAL MANUFACTURED GOODS AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES NAFTA EUROPE PACIFIC RIM SOUTH/CENTRAL AMERICA AFRICA $2,347.7 $2,241.1 -4.5% $195.1 $179.8 -7.8% $1,927.0 $1,943.8 0.9% $162.5 $156.2 -3.8% $111.9 $113.7 1.6% $9.5 $9.4 -0.8% $641.9 $569.9 -11.2% $52.5 $46.8 -11.0% $491.2 $490.6 -0.1% $41.4 $40.8 -1.5% $807.9 $829.5 2.7% $69.1 $66.2 -4.2% $150.7 $115.9 -23.1% $12.2 $8.9 -26.9% $34.6 $25.4 -26.6% $3.0 $2.0 -33.2% January-December December 2014 2015 % CHANGE 2014 2015 % CHANGE TOTAL TRADE $3,968.2 $3,746.0 -5.6% $328.9 $299.7 -8.9% $6 $8 $10 $12 $14 $16 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2015 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2014 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2013 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2012 $50 $75 $100 $125 $150 $175 $200 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2015 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2014 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2013 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2012 ■ U.S. Exports ■ U.S. Imports ■ U.S. Exports ■ U.S. Imports *Via all modes of transport • Census made 2012-2014 data revisions in June 2015. In Manufacturing, certain classifications are subject to Census suppression due to non-disclosure requirements, including aircraft. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Division of Foreign Trade, U.S. Department of Commerce, www.census.gov/foreign-trade/data/ *Not seasonally adjusted. **The export totals reflect shipments of certain grains, oilseeds and satellites that are not included in the country/area totals. Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Division of Foreign Trade, U.S. Department of Commerce, www.census.gov/foreign-trade/data/

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