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50 THE JOURNAL OF COMMERCE www.joc.com JOC By the Numbers Data selected and prepared by Journal of Commerce Research Editor Marsha Salisbury. She can be contacted at 973-776-7828, marsha.salisbury@ihs.com. APRIL 4.2016 Following four consecutive months of index decline, the February 2016 Cass expenditures 2.31 index jumped 0.136 point or 6.3 percent above January results, while tumbling 0.124 point or 5.1 percent below Febuary 2015 results. The February 2016 spend was 0.289 points or 11.1 percent below the 2015 high in June. The February 2016 Cass shipments index was 1.055, jumping 0.081 point or 8.3 percent above January while 0.028 point or 2.6 percent below February 2015. February 2016 shipments were 0.105 point or 9.1 percent below the 1.160 June 2015 high. CASS FREIGHT INDICES Cass index data is derived from actual freight invoices paid on behalf of its clients' domestic freight shipments, which annually totals over US $26 billion in freight expenses for hundreds of large shippers. Volumes represent the month in which transactions are processed by Cass, not necessarily the month when the corresponding shipments took place. Source: Cass Information Systems • www.cassinfo.com/Transportation-Expense-Management/Supply-Chain-Analysis/Transportation-Indexes Freight Expenditures Index Freight Shipment Index ■ Jan. 1990=100 ● Year-over-year percent change ● Month-to-month percent change ■ Jan. 1990=100 ● Year-over-year percent change ● Month-to-month percent change 1.75 2.00 2.25 2.50 2.75 -15% 0% 15% 30% 45% FEBRUARY 2016 JANUARY 2012 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 -10% -5% 0% 5% 10% 15% FEBRUARY 2016 JANUARY 2012 U.S. INTERMODAL TRAFFIC -30% -15% 0% 15% 30% 45% 53-footers 40-footers 20-footers F J 2016 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2015 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2014 ● 20-footers ● 40-footers ● 53-footers ● 20-footers ● 40-footers ● 53-footers -10% -5% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% J J M A M F JAN 2012 D N O S A J n Month-to-month percent change in intermodal shipments of 20-foot, 40-foot and 53-foot units in the United States. In February 2016, 53-foot traffic sequentially gained 4.6 percent, 40-footers slipped 0.7 percent, while 20-footers tumbled 5.4 percent. Year-over-year results in February 2016 were led by a 27.9 percent quantum leap in 40-foot traffic, 53-footers jumped 13.6 percent while 20-footers surged 12.8 percent. In the first two months in 2016, calendar 2016 40-foot traffic increased 15.9 percent year-over-year, 53-footers gained 7.8 percent while 20-footers advanced 2.8 percent. In contrast, in calendar 2015, 40-foot traffic increased 4.7 percent year-over-year, 53-footers gained 4.5 percent,while 20-footers slipped 0.5 percent. U.S. Intermodal Shipments -20% 0% 20% 40% International Containers Domestic Containers F J 2016 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2015 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2014 ● Domestic Containers ● International Containers ● Domestic Containers ● International Containers 25% International n Month-to-month percent change in domestic and international containers moving through U.S. intermodal networks. February 2016 domestic container traffic rose 4.7 percent above January, while international container traffic declined 1.9 percent. Year-over-year February 2016 domestic container traffic jumped 13.8 percent and international container traffic spiked 23.4 percent. In the first two months of 2016, domestic container traffic increased 7.9 percent and international traffic surged 12 percent. In contrast, calendar 2015 domestic container traffic increased 4.6 percent and international container traffic advanced 2.9 percent above calendar 2014. U.S. Intermodal Container Traffic ■ Average U.S. IMC highway yield per load ● Month to month percent change ■ Average U.S. IMC highway yield ● Month-to-month percent change $1,400 $1,500 $1,600 $1,700 $1,800 $1,900 -15% -10% -5% 0% 5% 10% F J 2016 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2015 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2014 $1,200 $1,300 $1,400 $1,500 $1,600 -10% -6% -2% 2% 6% J J M A M F JAN 2012 D N O S A J n Average revenue per highway load brokered by intermodal marketing companies by month, and month-to-month percent change. IMC-brokered highway shipment revenue in February 2016 averaged $1,414 per load, $56 or 3.8 percent below the January yield, while $132 or 8.5 percent below the February 2015 yield. The average monthly IMC highway yield for the first two months in 2016 was $1,442 per load, $91 less than average $1,533 per load yield in calendar 2015. U.S. IMC Highway Yield U.S. INTERMODAL TRAFFIC YIELDS n Average revenue per intermodal load by intermodal marketing companies by month and month-to-month percent change. The average February 2016 IMC intermodal yield was $2,536 per load, $89 or 3.4 percent below the January yield, while $252 or 11 percent above the February 2015 yield. The average IMC intermodal yield for the first two months of 2016 was $2,579 per load, $264 above the average $2,315 per load in calendar 2015. ■ Average U.S. IMC intermodal yield ● Month to month percent change $2,100 $2,200 $2,300 $2,400 $2,500 $2,600 $2,700 J M A M F J '14 D N O S A J '13 Average U.S. IMC intermodal yield per load ● Month to month percent change $2,200 $2,300 $2,400 $2,500 $2,600 $2,700 -15% -10% -5% 0% 5% 10% 15% F J 2016 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2015 D N O S A J J M A M F J 2014 U.S. IMC Intermodal Yield Source: Intermodal Association of North America, www.intermodal.org • IANA has updated the composition of this database and has made historical revisions accordingly Source: Intermodal Association of North America, www.intermodal.org • IANA has updated the composition of this database and has made historical revisions accordingly

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