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May16, 2016

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50 THE JOURNAL OF COMMERCE MAY 16.2016 MEXICO TRADE AND LOGISTICS SPECIAL REPORT After volume jumped 39 percent yea r-over-yea r in 2015, Ensenada International Terminal expects more moderate but still healthy annual volume gains of 5 to 10 percent over the next few years, driven mainly by Asian imports. The promise of the container terminal, which opened in 1999, has only begun to be realized in recent years, and much of that came when shippers diverted Mexico-bound cargo away from the San Pedro Bay ports to Ensenada. Annual container volume, at 196,000 20-foot-equivalent units in 2015, is more than 60 percent higher than five years ago. The port has three trans-Pacific services, two eastbound and one westbound, con- necting Ensenada with the Chinese ports of Chiwan, Ningbo-Zhoushan, Shanghai and Qingdao; Hong Kong; Busan, South Korea; Kaohsiung, Taiwan; and Yokohama, Japan. A fourth service connects Ensenada with Lazaro Cardenas, Mexico; Puerto Quetzal, Guatemala; Acajutla, El Salvador; and Balboa, Panama. "Some customers (shipping to Mex- ico) had a little cargo with us and some with Los Angeles, but when they faced (congestion) problems, they turned most of their volume to Ensenada. They have kept that volume" moving through the port, said Javier Rodriguez, general manager at EIT, one of three marine ter- minals in Mexico operated by Hutchison Port Holdings. The Hong Kong-based global terminal operator acquired the facility in 2001 from Manila, Philippines- based International Container Terminal Services. From mid-2014 through early 2015, shippers diverted cargo from U.S. West Coast ports to avoid congestion that was exacerbated by the showdown between the International Longshore and Ware- house Union and the Pacific Maritime Association over a longshore contract. The majority of the cargo the West Coast THE PORT HAS THREE TRANS-PACIFIC SERVICES, TWO EASTBOUND AND ONE WESTBOUND.

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