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Apr.3, 2017

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www.joc.com THE JOURNAL OF COMMERCE 11 COVER STORY miles from the nation's most populous city. Opponents of extending port gate hours question the rationale, however. They've argued for years that there is little point in extending gate hours when warehouses aren't open round-the-clock, and that trucks would have nowhere to take containers after they have picked them up. Donald A. Pisano, president of American Coffee Corp., said he expects longer hours will prove necessary. But such a move would "need to be consistent throughout the port in order for the warehouses, distribution centers, and shipper facilities to alter their schedules to accommodate the extended time frames," he said. "What I have heard from them is that until extended gate hours are applied more broadly within the port, it does not make sense to alter their schedules since there are such inconsistencies with pickup locations, chassis availability, and returning empties, which can change without much notice," Pisano said. The authority believes "that when the supply chain demands it, then the rest of the supply chain will adjust their hours accordingly," Rooney said. "Today, when they (terminals) extend their hours, they don't have an awful lot of demand and utilization of those extended hours, so it's very difficult for them to justify continuing to go through extraordinary expense for those extended hours. "One of the reasons why the extended hours have not been able to come to fruition here is simply because of the unavailability — or lack of availability — of warehouses and distribution centers that are operating 12, 16, 24 hours a day," she said. Although many big BCOs' warehouses are open round-the-clock, many port customers handle fewer than 1,000 TEUs a year, and operate their warehouses only during daytime hours, Rooney said. A third uncertainty is whether US Customs and Border Protection has enough agents assigned to the port to cover evening gate openings, she added. Several truckers say warehouses they deal with are open round-the-clock. "A lot of our customers, they are 24-7, so if the piers stayed open extended or longer hours, for us that would be fine," said Beth Lilonsky, customer service manager at trucking company Allied Brothers Intermodal. She said Allied is "a big advocate" of longer terminal hours. Allied has its own 24-7 yard with round-the-clock security and surveillance, where cargo picked up late in the day can be left overnight and moved the next morning if a warehouse is not open. Jeff Bader, head of the Association of Bi-State Motor Carriers, said his trucking company, Golden Carriers, hasn't encountered a problem with warehouses not being open. Most trucking companies have a yard where containers can be stored temporarily, he said, adding that the association would like to see all terminals at the port open until 9 p.m. Robert Fredman, director of global logistics at Big Lots, the Columbus, Ohio- based retailer, said longer gate hours would greatly benefit his company's Tremont, Pennsylvania, distribution center, which is open 24-7 and is served by the Port of New York and New Jersey 140 miles away. "Our truck route would see enormous improvement in efficiency if they could do night gates," he said at the JOC's 17th Annual TPM Conference on Feb. 28. Longer gate hours would help "avoid a

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