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June 25 2018

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16 The Journal of Commerce | June 25 2018 www.joc.com Port Productivity Special Report WEIGHTED BERTH PRODUCTIVITY at container ports in North America declined 4 percent year over year in 2017 as growth in the average num- ber of containers exchanged per call eroded any gains in moves per hour. Analysis of port call data from the IHS Markit/JOC Port Productivity Program show that of 55 container terminals across the United States and Canada, 37 registered declines in weighted berth productivity, with 13 showing improvement and five re- maining unchanged compared to 2016. Berth productivity is calculated by dividing the quantity of container movements per ship call by the time elapsed from when the ship was made all-fast on arrival to when the last line is released from the berth on departure. Weighting by call size is applied to allow for a more apples-to-apples comparison between facilities be- cause call size is a key determinant of the crane split planned by the ship operator and the quantity of cranes deployed by the terminal operator. An 8 percent jump in average call size at North American container ports in 2017 reversed a 4 percent increase in the number of moves per hour registered at ports in the region. Ports in the US Gulf were the only cluster to generate a positive trend, with a modest 1 percent year- over-year improvement in weighted berth productivity. This was largely driven by Tampa, where berth pro- ductivity grew 12 percent and the average call size declined 27 percent. An 11 percent increase in call size at Houston resulted in a negative-5 percent outcome in weighted berth productivity. East Coast ports registered a collective 8 percent improvement in actual berth productivity, but an average call size increase of 15 percent for the region resulted in an overall 6 percent decline in weighted berth productivity. Among terminals in North Amer- ica, the East Coast produced the top three performers — in Howland Hook Marine (GCT), Bayonne (GCT), and APM Terminals, all located at the Port The big-ship impact Weighted berth productivity declines as boxes per call erode gains in moves per hour By Turloch Mooney Despite its decline in weighted berth productivity in 2017, as a region, North America performed reasonably well compared to other regions. APM Terminals Most productive North American terminal berths in 2017 vs 2016 Terminal Actual Productivity Call Size Weighted productivity Howland Hook Marine (GCT) 12% -36% 74% Bayonne (GCT) 2% -15% 20% APM Terminals 16% 6% 9% To qualify as a 'top performing terminal' it must have handled at least 40 ship calls in both 2016 and again in 2017 and must have registered an actual increase in berth productivity. Source: IHS Markit/JOC Port Productivity Program ©2017 IHS Markit 15% -1% 3% 8% 8% 8% -5% 3% 3% 4% -6% -5% 1% -4% -3% -10% -5% 0% 5% 10% 15% US East Coast Canada US Gulf C oast US West Coast North Amer ica Call Size Berth Pr oductivity Weighted Berth Productivity Gulf Coast only US region to improve berth productivity Source: IHS Markit/JOC Port Productivity Program © 2018 IHS Markit Year-over-year change in 2017 North America berth productivity

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